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History Office

Report of the History Office

We are finalizing a very productive year with the culmination of the “Historical Narration of the CAU”, the participation in the opening ceremony of CAU Panama 2016 with the Reading-Tribute of “Álvaro Cumplido de Sant’Anna: Founder and First President of the CAU”, successfully closing in Plenary Session with the Module: History of the CAU where they exhibited:

First CAU Congress Rio de Janeiro 1935. Norberto Fredotovich (Argentina)
CAU Scholarship and Internship Program. León Bernstein Hann (Argentina)
Ex presid. and Secret. Grales. CAU. Carlos García Irigoyen (Mexico)
CAU Congress Madrid 1992, its meaning. Remigio Vela Navarrete (Spain)

It is our intention to continue stimulating the production of new works of history of urology by our associates, announcing that we will have a special reading session of history works during the next CAU 2017 Congress in the city of Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia .

We encourage you to write about the history of your societies, academic units, teachers or prominent professionals of your urological community, medicine in the great aboriginal civilizations of America, etc.

We will gladly await you in Santa Cruz.

Norberto M. Fredotovich
Director Office of History

Historical Narration of the American Confederation of Urology

Norberto Miguel Fredotovich and León Bernstein-Hahn

CAU Historical Library

The first copy of the Library is available. This is the “Trate des Maladies des Voies Urinaries” published in 1796 by Pierre Desault and Xavier Bichat. The digitalization of the book has been completed and can now be downloaded along with an introductory article by Dr. Norberto Fredotovich.

CAU Punta del Este Congress 2014

Our last Congress “Punta del Este, 2014” was the kickoff of our activity with the First Session of “Reading History Works”. The response to the invitation to present papers in it may be considered satisfactory by the associates.

Those who attended had the opportunity to listen carefully to six excellent presentations, namely:

“The Badiano Cruz Codex, an approach to Pre-Columbian Urology”.

Presented by Mexican colleagues, it is a codex published in 1552 with references to the pre-Hispanic Mesoamerican pharmacopoeia used for different urinary disorders, a unique work of its kind, which constitutes a cultural heritage of medicine recovered from the “Vatican Library”.

“The History of the Urology of Paraguay”.

The Paraguayan authors report that this began in 1920, when the Paraguayan Medical Society organized a series of lectures on “prophylaxis of syphilis” and “primary urethral syphilis” in Room VI of the Hospital de Clínicas de Asunción. The National University created in 1925 the first “School of Training” as an independent specialty of surgery. On April 19, 1950, the Paraguayan Society of Urology was created.

“Professor Leopoldo Montes de Oca: a forgotten forerunner and pioneer of Urology in Argentina”.

Its author highlights the task accomplished by this doctor received at the UBA. in 1854, he was the first Latin American surgeon to rotate in the Service of Surgery of Prof. Félix Guyon in Hosp. Necker de Paris in 1874, this would become years later the “cradle of Urology.” Being Prof. of External Surgery and Sifilografía, privilege in his Rooms of the Hospital of Clinics of Bs. As. The attention of the urological patients, realizing the first “carving by hypogastric route” in 1887. As Dean of Medicine impulse the creation of the first academic unit of Urology in 1898, where Dr. Federico Texo was named Prof. Titular.

“Historical references of Urology in Ecuador”.

Here his Ecuadorian author cites the herbal medicine of the indigenous peoples of the Andes for the so-called “bad urine”, as well as during the colony the references of hospitals for indigenous people founded by the Spaniards. Later during the Republic the Government in 1855 hires two French surgeons to teach surgery at the University of Quito. On September 5, 1958, the Ecuadorian Society of Urology was founded, bringing together urologists from the two main centers, Quito and Guayaquil.

“Professor Dr. Armando Trabuco: his contributions to Clinical Andrology and Male Infertility Surgery”.

Its Argentine authors highlight the work carried out by this teacher and researcher who in his 1947 publication “Vasoepididimoimoastomy of the intraepididymal side” makes the first scientific contribution, describing the surgical technique, with a rigorous statistical analysis on the quality of postoperative semen and the rate of pregnancies futures. In addition, in 1953 he published “The Epididymography Diagnostic Technique against Sperm Current” that becomes the first clear contribution of epididymal radiological anatomy, simultaneous to the initial European contributions on the same subject.

“Professor Lelio Olchese Zeno: a Pioneer of different Medical Specialties”.

Argentine authors highlight this doctor born in Turin, Italy, in 1890 and received a “gold medal” at the University of Buenos Aires in 1915, performing his practice at the Hospital de Clínicas. Professor of Surgery at the University of Rosario, Santa Fe. He had been “internal” surgeon Charles H. Mayo at his clinic in Rochester, Minnesota. Later he expanded his field towards traumatology with Prof. Lorenz Bolher in Vienna and with Prof. Vittorio Putti at his Institute in Bologna. In 1931 he was hired by the Government of the USSR to organize a Traumatology Service in Sklifamwsky Hospital in Moscow, under the Department of Surgery of the renowned surgeon Prof. Sergei Judin. In 1934 he was entrusted with the creation of a Traumatology and Orthopedic Center at the Hosp. Basmannaya of Moscow that today bears his name “Professor Zeno”. He returned to Argentina and considered narrow the limits of the specialty and began to venture into plastic surgery, publishing the book “Plastic Surgery”, the first text in the world in Spanish. Founder and first President of the Argentine Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. In the field of Urology he pioneered urogenital reconstructive surgery. Teacher of the famous “Surgical School for Graduates” of the Rawson Hospital directed by the brothers Enrique and Ricardo Finochietto. Very influenced by the works of Freud, published in 1945 “Psychosomatic Medicine” first text of this incipient specialty in Latin America.

As you can see all the works have a rich variety and thematic quality, having participated in the writing of these essays 15 colleagues from Mexico, Paraguay, Ecuador and Argentina.

I am sure that they can serve as an incentive for the urologists of the rest of the countries that make up the CAU to decide, choose a topic, research, write and we can enjoy them at our next meeting in Cancun 2015. This is just beginning! !

We await you.

Dr. Norberto M. Fredotovich
Director of the History Office